Your Guide to Coffee Roasting

Roasting coffee is an art that's been around as long as we've had coffee beans. The color of the beans directly affects the flavor of your coffee. If you want to start roasting your own coffee, here's a simple guide to the flavors you can achieve from roasting your own coffee.

Coffee Roasting Infographic, Your Guide to Coffee Roasting

What's the Difference?

There's a big difference between light, medium, and dark roasted coffee beans. Keep reading to find out more!

Light Roast

Light roasted coffee beans are roasted at 350-400 degrees Fahrenheit. They're light brown with a subtle and mild flavor. Of all the different roasts, the light roast is the most acidic and the least bitter. The roasted beans won't have any oil on the surface.

Coffee made from this roast may be called:

  • Blonde
  • Half City
  • Cinnamon

Medium Roast

Coffee Beans, Your Guide to Coffee Roasting
Medium roasted coffee has a stronger flavor than light roast. It's roasted between 410 and 428 degrees Fahrenheit. The beans have a small amount of oil on the surface. This roast has the best balance of flavor, acidity, and bitterness. It's the most common coffee roast in the United States.

Coffee made from this roast may be called:

  • American
  • City
  • Breakfast

Dark Roast

Dark roasted coffee has the strongest flavor with the most bitterness. It's roasted to an internal temperature of 464 degrees Fahrenheit. The acidity has been cooked out and the beans have an oily surface. They're a shiny black color. This is the roast typically used in espresso.

Coffee make from this roast may be called:

  • Continental
  • Italian
  • French
  • New Orleans

Do you roast your own coffee? Take a picture and tag us on Instagram, we love hearing from you!

Denise, Your Guide for Coffee Roasting